What is CBT and how does it help treat depression?

Grief and sadness are normal human emotions. Everybody goes through those feelings now and then. However, they typically go away on their own after a few days. If they don’t, then you may be suffering from major depression. A major depressive disorder is a type of mood disorder that can cause long-term symptoms such as low energy, overwhelming sadness, and loss of appetite, as well as lack of interest in things you used to enjoy.

If left untreated, this condition may lead to severe health complications. It may even put your life at risk. Fortunately, several mental health clinics offer treatments for depression, such as medication, exercise, diet, and therapy. You can check out how they treat depression at https://www.sydneyemotionalfitness.com.au/.

Common types of depression

Many things can cause depression — some of which cannot be fully understood. Here are some of the most common types of depression.

  • Major depressive disorder (MDD)
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Postpartum disorder
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  • Atypical depression
  • Psychotic depression

Symptoms and warning signs of depression

Each person’s case is unique, so depression may manifest differently from person to person. However, there are still common signs and symptoms. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness
  • Weight or appetite changes
  • Feelings of extreme exhaustion
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Intense feelings of anger or irritability over minor things
  • Loss of interest in activities that used to bring joy
  • Strong feelings of guilt over perceived mistakes or faults
  • Unexplained pains and aches
  • Suicidal thoughts

If you or someone you know are exhibiting any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to set an appointment with a psychologist or a therapist as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment. Timely interventions help save lives. You may want to check out the counselling services at https://www.sydneyemotionalfitness.com.au/.

How does CBT help treat depression?

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that deals with how a person’s beliefs, attitudes, and thoughts affect their behaviours and feelings. A CBT therapist begins by explaining what CBT is. Then they start educating the patients regarding their diagnosis and helping them set treatment goals, as well as teaching them vital behavioural and thinking skills.

The main focus of CBT interventions for depression is helping patients become more involved in activities that they used to enjoy and value before giving them up due to depression. Patients are also encouraged to assess the negative beliefs and thoughts they have about the world, the future, and themselves that led to their depression.

CBT therapists may also customise their approach based on the patients’ characteristics or age. For instance, when treating children or adolescents, the therapist may involve caregivers and parents. For older adults, on the other hand, CBT may be used to help them maintain a healthy and socially active lifestyle. It also helps them cope with ageing and their changing health.


If you are suffering from depression, it’s vital that you have yourself diagnosed and treated as early as possible. For the best psychologist and counselling services, you may want to check out Sydney Emotional Fitness’ website at https://www.sydneyemotionalfitness.com.au/.

Post Author: Frank Powell

Frank Powell
I love playing chess, new gadgets and watching funny cat videos.